The problem is that saying one should always do one's duty and that duty implies doing the right act, doesn't say which act(s) or option(s) available is (or are) right and constitutes one's duty one should, of course, always and only do what is right, but that doesn't say what is right. Ethical theories assignment essay lp11 assignment: ethical theories ethics is the name of a branch of philosophy, which is the attempt to answer the most fundamental questions of human life by means of reason alone, rather than faith or tradition. Kant believes, as most of us do, that happiness should not motivate us to the exclusion of duty obedience to the moral law — duty — is the most important thing, but happiness is also desirable kant notes that an important assumption necessary for moral responsibility is the idea that we human beings give the moral law to our own wills. Immanuel kant (/ k æ n t / german: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant] 22 april 1724 - 12 february 1804) was a german philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy in his doctrine of transcendental idealism , he argued that space and time are mere sensibilities , though a thing-in-itself exists independently of perception. But in accord with my belief that we should always attempt to present the arguments of an important philosopher in the strongest possible terms, however much we may disagree with those arguments, i shall do the best i can for kant.
For example, kant believes that people should not be treated as an end and never as a means to an end as it's considered unethical for a person to use other people for their own personal gain simply because - according to immanuel kant - people possess value. Kant's categorical imperative calls for people to do the right thing solely because it is their duty, not to acquire either of these ends this is where the golden rule differs, especially with regard to it's christian affiliated adaptation. People should always do their duty explain how kant understood this concept there is no possibility of thinking of anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be regarded as good without qualification, except a good will. The formulations of kant's categorical imperative are that we should always treat ourselves and others at ends not for your means of our ends maxim is a principle on which we act willingly kant holds that perform only those maxims which always will to be a universal law.
Kant believed that a person with a good will is someone who acts wholly rationally, someone who disregards their selfish inclinations and acts out of a sense of duty in accordance with the categorical imperative. This is the sole palladium of the people's rights but that right is always for the philosophers (an intellectual elite), able to educate people and give advice to the heads of state (kant, 1793, p 302 bourgeois, 1990, p 43. In kant's eyes, when a person freely chooses to do the right thing just because it is the right thing to do, their action adds value to the world it lights it up, so to speak, with a brief glow of moral goodness. But many people subordinate moral duty to their inclinations, to the desire for their own happiness such persons violate the moral law as for the source of this immorality, kant believes on the one hand that we freely choose to disregard our duty, but on the other hand the propensity to evil is somehow innate. Regarding duty for the sake of duty, kant says that inclination to do it can never be morally good but most people think that they deserve praise for their acts ,as it is a motivating factor good man ought to feel inclined to acts of pity, sympathy and generosity rather than doing such acts as a matter of very displeasing and unpleasant duty.
Should become a universal law however, kant also gave formulation of the another categorical imperative later in the same book, he said that the ultimate moral principle may be understood as saying: act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only. He tries to make philosophical arguments that appeal to poorly educated people and may be understood by them he looks for evidence of moral freedom in the empirical world 12. The murderer at the door: what kant should have said 39 helping to shape their moral characters, facilitating their moral educa- tion, shielding them from moral temptation, etc. A shopkeeper, kant says, might do what is in accord with duty and not overcharge a child kant argues, it is not sufficient to do that which should be morally good that it conform to the law it must be done for the sake of the law. Katherine freeman kant a) „people should always do their duty‟ explain how kant understood this (33 marks) kants‟ theory is deontological because it is based solely on duty, and not the end.
G) summary: according to kant a good person is someone who always does their duty because it is their duty it is fine if they enjoy doing it, but it must be the case that they would do it even if they did not enjoy it. Kant does not discuss happiness much because happiness is not the basis of his system of ethics, in contrast to most ethical theories which make happiness the aim of morality. People should always do their duty - assignment example on in assignment sample immanuel kant was an eighteenth century german philosopher, who lived all of his life in the town of konigsberg, east prussia. Kant's concept of god, which does not stipulate a definitive proof of god's existence, is an idea that proceeds ineluctably from morality 1 (proudfoot) specif ically.
For kant, the morally important thing is not consequences but the way choosers think when they make choices kant says that only one [kind of] thing is inherently good, and that is the good will. More precisely, it does not extend to a right to throw other people from a lifeboat in order to save one's own life  kant limits the duties and rights resulting. Always do the right thing because it is right and that is the morality of it on kant's view, the sole feature that gives an action moral worth is not the outcome that is achieved by the action, but the motive that is behind the action.