it may surprise you to know that russia has a more direct presidential election process than the united statesin the united states, a system called the electoral college periodically allows a candidate who receives fewer popular votes to win an election. The official us electoral college web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and electors, instructions for state officials and electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements. The candidate that receives a simple majority of the electoral votes, 270 votes or 51%, is declared the winner of the election and president-elect the president-elect is sworn in as president on january 20 of the new year. The electoral college was established in 1788 by article ii of the us constitution, which also established the executive branch of the us government, and was revised by the twelfth amendment (ratified june 15, 1804), the fourteenth amendment (ratified july 1868), and the twenty-third amendment (ratified mar 29, 1961. The united states does not elect its presidents by a popular vote, but instead uses an electoral college process to select its leader, which may not be the politicians a majority of voters favored the most recent example occurred in 2000 when al gore won the popular vote, but george w bush earned.
The electoral college is actually a uniquely ingenious invention used to ensure states rights, guaranteeing that the united states remain a group of united individual states functioning together as unified federation, as opposed to a single nation. The us electoral college also has components of a majority system, because a presidential candidate must get 50%-plus-one electoral votes (270 out of 538) in order to win if no candidate reaches the 270 mark, the election is decided by the house of representatives. The electoral college is the constitutional system through which the united states elects its president although the constitution itself does not use the term electoral college, it does mandate that each state select electors who in turn elect the president. Over the years, some of those who basically support the electoral college system, as well as those who think it works badly, have suggested changes in the system by which americans elect their president.
In the electoral college system, the states serve as the centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per state is determined by the size of each state's congressional delegation. Under the electoral college system, each state has a number of votes which is linked to its number of members of congress, and reflects its population the next president of the united states could. As the republic evolved, so did the electoral college system, and, by the late 19 century, the th following range of constitutional, federal and state legal, and political elements of the. Short guide to understanding how the us elects a new president this has been viewed well over a million times and helped many people finally understand the electoral college.
The pro's and con's of the electoral college system there have, in its 200 year history, been a number of critics and proposed reforms to the electoral college system - most of them trying to eliminate it. The electoral college, this system of presidential electors, is still in effect today, although some adjustments have been made over the years the electors voted for two candidates at first the one with the highest number of votes became president. Elections in the united states are held for government officials at the federal, state, and local levels at the federal level, the nation's head of state, the president, is elected indirectly by the people of each state, through an electoral college. College must be retained as the method for electing the president of the united states because it is the best way of maintaining stability in the electoral process and preserving a balance of power between the states and federal government.
The electoral college is also the reflection of the federal character of the united states an election based only on popular vote would centralize the election and decrease the visibility and importance of states. United states electoral process an election is the process by which citizens select the thousands of men and women they want to run their government--at all levels in a democracy, government officials are chosen by the people and serve for a specific time called a term of office. The united states has changed drastically over the centuries, but the electoral college has remained firmly in place, despite the fact that a majority of americans would like to do away with it.
The electoral college system, when combined with the winner-take-all rule, tends to magnify the margin of victory, giving the victor a certain and demonstrable election outcome48 the. The electoral college is a process, not a place the founding fathers established it in the constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president by a popular vote of qualified citizens. In its most recent report, freedom house gave the us electoral process 11 out of 12 possible points on its electoral process scale - the same rating the nation has had since 2007 (when its score was raised from a 10. The constitutional convention established the electoral college system in 1787  the electoral college is not a place, but a process electors are selected by each party for each state, equal to the number of the state's representatives and senators.